Also known as
Juneberry, Shadbush, Chuckley pear, Shadwood, Shadblow, Sarvisberry, Sarvis, Saskatoon, Sugarplum, Wild-plum, Shad
Amelanchier ovalis flors by Victor M. Vicente Selvas (CC BY-SA 3.0)
5 years to reach maturity
This plant has a mild fragrance
More images of Serviceberries
The Amelanchier genus has over 20 species of deciduous trees and shrubs which are popular in horticulture for its abundant white or pink spring flowers. It also produces attractive foliage that changes colour throughout the year, giving displays of bright colour. Known as Serviceberry or Juneberry trees, these hardy plants will thrive in a variety of locations, making them a useful addition to exposed or difficult situations such as damp positions or partial shade sites. They can be trained into a range of shapes to provide architectural interest and specimen plants, creating a focal point. Amelanchier's are native to the northern hemisphere and grow in the temperate areas where they do not have to compete with other species. They range in height from 20 cm to 20 m and with such attractive features, these species have been cross-bred to develop lots of beautiful cultivars.
Common problems with Serviceberries
Generally pest and disease free young trees can be attacked by rabbits.
How to harvest Serviceberries
Ripe berries from some species can be harvested and used as if they were blueberries. They are considered to have a milder taste then blueberries. The root of some Amelanchier species have traditionally been used to make a herbal tea in treatment for a range of ailments.
How to propagate Serviceberries
Take soft wood cuttings in early summer.
Sow ripe seeds in late summer and place in a cold frame over winter, ready to be planted out in spring.
Low growing branches can be bent down and layered during the autumn.
Propagate in autumn by seed, in late autumn to early spring by layering or in the case of suckering species, by division.
Special features of Serviceberries
The flowers are 1-2cm, 5-petalled and white or pink in colour and shaped like stars.
They develop into edible, pear-shaped purple to maroon fruits which ripen in the summer and provide sustenance to birds.
Other uses of Serviceberries
Grown for their profuse flowers and their foliage.