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A picture of a Bee Balm

Bee Balm

Monarda spp.

Also known as

Bergamot, Horsemint, Oswego Tea

Monarda didyma 00 by Takkk (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Full Sun
Moderate watering
Frost Hardy


RHS hardiness


Minimum temperature

Expected size







  • spring
  • summer
  • autumn
  • winter

More images of Bee Balm

A photo of Bee Balm
A photo of Bee Balm
A photo of Bee Balm
A photo of Bee Balm
A photo of Bee Balm

Bee Balm Overview

The Monarda genus has around 22 species of annual or perennial flowering plants in the Lamiaceae (mint, dead nettle) family endemic to North America. They are clump-forming, aromatic plants with slender, oval leaves and whorls of tubular flowers clustered into spiky dense flowerheads Commonly known as Bee Balm and Bergamot, among other colloquial names. Monarda plants are grown for their diverse flower colours and forms and thrive in sun and well-drained soils.

Common problems with Bee Balm

How to propagate Bee Balm


Propagation for both species and cultivars is by division in spring.


For species, propagate by seed in spring.

Other uses of Bee Balm

Grown for their aromatic foliage as well as their flowers.

Purple Flowering Summer Plants

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